The NGOs are known to play extremely critical role in different segments of disaster management and in eliminating the risk of any further disaster. Several times, it has been noted that the NGOs fail to achieve their goals in the occurrence of any disaster. It is mainly due to the reason that NGOs lack coordination with different stakeholders. These stakeholders can be the state government with their machinery resource which can be an extremely critical resource in a disaster occurrence. The need is to have effective communication among all the stakeholders, especially the state government for efficient disaster management and reconciliation process. The Relief IndiaTrust has always been up to the mark meeting all its stakeholders’ requirements.
Roles and Responsibilities of NGOs in Disaster Management:
The Relief India Trust with its powerful set of resources has always proved to be very efficient in managing and facilitating the affected people in all kinds of disasters, including earthquake, fire, floods, etc. Following are some of the roles and responsibilities which Relief IndiaTrust always fulfills to encounter any unseen disaster or acting promptly in case of a disaster occurrence:
· NGOs are required to analyze the basic needs of the affected people in case of any kind of disaster.
· The disaster preparedness processes of the NGOs should be up to date and mature enough to manage any disaster.
· The NGOs are required to work hand in hand with the state government for effective and timely reconciliation of the people affected by any disaster.
· The NGOs should enormously participate as facilitators in the implementation of any state, government programs and policies for disaster management and risk mitigation.
Typical First Phase Response of Relief India Trust NGO in Disaster Management:
The response of an NGO in case of any emergency situation or disaster depends on the scale of the disaster. The NGOs always have to be ready with their Plan A, B and C to encounter any unforeseen emergency situation. In normal disastrous situation, people usually don’t have access to their homes and get in immediate need of shelter and food. The NGOs are required to facilitate them in every possible way. If they are not facilitated in time, then the situation might trigger a lot of viral diseases in the affected people which will result in another severe problem to counter by the NGO. In the first phase of disaster management, the Relief India Trust NGO has the following priorities in facilitating the affected people in a disaster occurrence:
· Water – Supply of clean water to the affected people is highly desirable and should be provided as quickly as possible. There should be a good water distribution system in the camp so that people could easily get access to the basic necessity of life.
· Sanitation – Sanitation facility is the next thing on the list for facilitating the affected people.
· Food Supply – Food should be supplied in an organized manner along with the cooking kits
· Shelter – Shelter for the affected people is critical to protect them from severe weather.
· Medical Facility – Malaria and other viral diseases are very commonly triggered in the disaster camps and it requires services of a good medical staff to counter such diseases.